2019: The year of the brave

“We simply attempt to be fearful when others are greedy and to be greedy only when others are fearful” Warren Buffet.

2018 was a fearful time for most investors. If not fearful, it was certainly a time of significant concern

We learnt that in 2018, the world is now even much more complex, smaller, more intricate with ever increasing interdependencies between nations, cultures, societies, sciences, industries and economies. With 2018 the advent of globalization, the number of factors that can affect local economies and the industries and markets that operate within those economies has increased dramatically in both number and complexity.

In the face of such global disruption and uncertainty that was experienced in 2018, there is only so much that policy makers in each respective country can achieve. The major global players, once aligned in policy and viewpoint when tackling the global financial crisis, have now disbanded, focusing more on satisfying nationalistic interests at the expense of the global good. This is unfortunate and one only hopes that those with longer term and broader perspectives will eventually prevail.

Dubai, with an economy that has tourism, trade, construction and financial services as primary drivers of economic and population growth, will continue to be affected by global machinations, whether they be political, diplomatic, financial or otherwise. Local industries will be affected by global events. Its inescapable and something that we all, as diligent investors, need to understand.

So, the Real Estate industry in Dubai in 2019 will be shaped by any event or occurrence which affects Dubai’s population growth through its ability to provide opportunities for business and individuals alike; such as the disposable income of its residents and visitors, the affordability of the UAE dirham, the levels of available liquidity to its local and foreign investors, its governments revenues, its relationships with other countries or its commercial infrastructure will have an effect on our industry. It’s a fact that, as professionals within the industry, we all have to contend with.

So, we need to look at those variables that will drive the industry.

Our first consideration is population growth. A growing population is the fuel of any property industry and it will be Dubai’s population growth that enables that bodes well for the market within the next 3 years, particularly as a spike in population growth is expected as the Expo effect takes hold closer to 2020.

It may come as a surprise to some that Dubai’s population has exceeded 3 million by end of 2018. This is up almost 331% since the turn of this century. This amazing growth has been consistent during this period and is expected to continue at a rate of between 6.5% and 9% over the next 10 years. This is fantastic news for Dubai’s property industry and the economy overall especially when other nations are facing stagnating population growth or, in the case of countries like Japan, falling populations.

The composition of the growth is also impressive as it will continue to be predominantly driven by people seeking to immediately benefit from and contribute to an economy that is expected to grow by a healthy and sustained 3.5% in 2019 and beyond, as those who are seeking to progress and improve their economic well-being take advantage of the superior opportunities that Dubai will continue to offer going forward courtesy of such major initiatives as the 2020 Global Expo in addition to the time proven economic pillars of trade, finance and tourism. So, the opportunities are there to capitalize on this population growth and resurgence in demand for property during 2019.
Our second consideration is disposable income of residents and visitors. 2018 saw property values and rents decline significantly. Put simply, these changes make effectively increase, not only the purchasing power of the individual, but also the disposable income that the individual enjoys. First home buyers will not have it so good since 2009. The decline in property values, combined with the slew of developer purchasing plans, have created value propositions that will not be repeated for quite some time.

And, as our friend My Warren Buffet is so fond of saying, “Price is what you pay. Value is what you get”, and values in 2019 are unlikely to be bettered any time soon.

Our third consideration is the affordability of the UAE Dirham. There is no doubt that the strengthening UAE Dirham has contributed to the dampening of foreign buyers. Being coupled to a US dollar, being strengthened on the back of interest rate increases in the United States, has caused some to pause.

However, the US Federal Reserve is increasingly likely to slow its interest rate increase agenda. The recent concern in world markets about the effect that an overly hawkish US monetary policy might have on US and global economic growth is causing the Fed to exhibit a more dovish tone when talking about interest rates increases in 2019.

In addition, the recent fall in oil prices, while reducing the revenues of oil producing nations, has had a positive effect in helping the Indian rupee to stabilize, essentially stopping its freefall in value. By October of 2018, the Indian rupee had fallen to an historic low, taking over 20 Indian rupees to buy 1 UAE Dirham. Investing in Dubai suddenly became expensive for one of the UAE’s most important investor groups. In addition, repatriating Dubai’s currency back home was becoming a far better proposition than spending in Dubai.
But already, the rupee has strengthened by over 5 percent and is expected to continue strengthening through 2019, thereby increasing the attractiveness of investing in Dubai.

Similarly, the Chinese economy, markets and its currency, the yuan, have been in decline since the US inspired trade issues emerged. China is becoming an important source of investment for the UAE economy and the possibility of a full-blown trade war between China and the United States would, in addition to adversely affecting oil prices, may slow the rate of Chinese investment in the UAE.

However, as at the time of writing, it appeared that tensions may be easing and the beginning of productive and positive negotiations are foreseeable. Needless to say, a resolution would be significantly beneficial to world economic growth, investor confidence and renewed investor activity.

The real remaining concern is Brexit. This continuing saga appears to be headed for an outcome which, in the short term at least, will see a further weakening of the British pound, thereby making investment in Dubai a more expensive proposition for the British. The jury is still out on the timing of recovery of the British pound.

Meanwhile, the UAE banking sector is liquid and strong, with the central bank forecasting credit growth to the private sector to increase by 6.5 per cent in the first nine months of 2019. In addition, Islamic banking is growing at a rate of 9 per cent annually leading the Governor of the UAE Central Bank to state that “… the banking sector is in a very good position to excel and support economic growth” and that the banking sector is not being impacted by the correction in real estate values with banks continuing to provide credit to the industry. “The property market is in a good position, more than before, and lending continues,” the governor said.

Dubai’s infrastructural spending continues with a total budget of Dh56.8 billion being announced for 2019. Heavily focused on infrastructure projects led by Expo 2020 the budget comes in line with Dubai Strategic Plan 2021’s targets and future commitments. The budget features a rise in infrastructure spending, which makes up 21 per cent of the total government expenditure. This reflects the directives of Sheikh Mohammed to raise infrastructure efficiency in Dubai for the emirate to become the preferred destination for living, tourism, and businesses across all sectors.
And finally, notwithstanding some inflationary effect on consumer prices, the concerns that were being opined about any significantly negative effect of the newly introduced VAT do not appear to have materialized. The UAE implemented VAT at the rate of five percent in January 2018. VAT is not a new phenomenon. It has been implemented in many economies around the world and is considered an efficient and equitable way for governments to collect tax revenue to invest, innovate, develop infrastructure and provide services that are required for sustainable economic growth. The IMF has predicted that the UAE may improve GDP by as much as 1.5% by implementing a 5% VAT. Some countries have applied 20% VAT’s to generate the revenues required by their governments without detriment to their property Industries. Yet. Some investors were concerned and, as has been shown in other economies that have introduced VAT, those concerns eventually proved baseless with time.

So, the picture is not as bleak as some may surmise. Quite the contrary. Taking a broader perspective and looking at all the major influences individually and logically, the picture suggests beckoning opportunities, particularly when taking a medium to long-term view.
There is no doubt that the market is nervous, but I believe that 2019 will be viewed as the year of the brave investors as they take advantage of a market that has achieved almost full correction, that is offering fantastic value and that will benefit from an economy that looks primed for sustainable long-term growth.

Complex, it may be, but unfathomable it is not.

Mohanad Alwadiya – Jan 2019

Understanding value-added tax (VAT)

Understanding value-added tax (VAT)

The UAE will implement VAT at the rate of five percent in January 2018. This is not breaking news but still many people are concerned as to how the VAT will affect them personally. The VAT will affect every individual and every institution in the UAE in some way.

The easy way to understand a Value Added Tax is to consider it to be a “consumption” tax. Put simply, for most goods and services, every time somebody sells a good or service to a customer, regardless of where they are in the supply chain, 5% will be added to the price which is collected by the seller and remitted to the governments tax department.

VAT is not a new phenomenon. It has been implemented in many economies around the world and is considered an efficient and equitable way for governments to collect tax revenue. As oil prices have declined significantly, oil dependent economies require new sources of revenue to continue to invest, innovate, develop infrastructure and provide services that are required for sustainable economic growth. The IMF has predicted that the USE may improve GDP by as much as 1.5% by implementing a 5% VAT. Some countries have applied 20% VAT’s to generate the revenues required by their governments.

For businesses, there are procedural and systems that need to be implemented to ensure that compliance with is achieved in the most resource efficient way possible.  Usually, this requires the implementation of an appropriate accounting solution package. Non-compliance could be expensive, with heavy penalties expected to be imposed for those businesses who do not comply.

Those businesses who are unsure of how the VAT works or will affect them, need to seek expert legal advice as to their obligations under the VAT regulations and engage accounting experts to ensure their systems and procedures are correctly recognising, applying, recording and remitting VAT.

Individuals, meanwhile, will be impacted in their everyday life. For example, Electricity and water services will be subject to VAT, so will most of the food that you buy and the purchase of that new car and any subsequent maintenance that it will require and private education will also attract the VAT.

Fittings and furniture for your new home will also attract VAT, as will services such as housekeeping, dry cleaning or laundering.

There are some goods and services that will be VAT exempt. Items such as fuel for your car, essential healthcare items, public education, air travel and taxis. It is important that, when a VAT is being applied, that the poorer segments of the population are not disadvantaged by taxing the necessities of life.

Technically, the VAT will not apply to your rental expense however landlords will be subject to VAT on items such service charges and maintenance, indirectly driving up the cost of rentals over time.

If you decide to purchase a new home, there will not be VAT applied directly to the purchase but it will be applied to the real estate agents’ fees. Of course, as a purchaser of a new home, your purchase price will certainly cover for the VAT that has already been paid on the charges for materials, labor, marketing and other services etc. that the developer had to incur to bring the project to market.

If you are selling your current house in the secondary market, the sale itself will be exempt from VAT, however, you will need to pay VAT on any Real Estate Agents fees, marketing fees, and maintenance or staging fees that you might incur.

For developers, VAT will affect virtually every supply and construction contract that exists. This will have an inflationary effect on the industry as the additional cost burden of the VAT will be passed on to the consumer. Developers need to ensure that they have the systems to recover the VAT cost and ensure that future planning considers the inflationary effect so that any possible drop in demand due to the rise in prices is comprehended with minimal effect on margins.

VAT is not something to be feared, but it is something to be understood, particularly by the business community. The only cost to business is the administration required and the expense of ensuring compliance while the consumer will only notice the effects at the cash register.